What is a Bunion?
A Bunion is a common cause of foot pain. It is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. It forms when your big toe pushes against your next toe, forcing the joint of your big toe to get bigger and stick out.
Why do Bunions Occur?
It is believed that constant stress on the joint of the big toe causes displacement of the bones and the joint, along with thickening of the tissues and a change in the pull of the muscles.
This can result in a degree of arthritis of the joint, and over time, further displacement of the toe.
This may lead to foot pain, difficultly with fitting shoes and corns/calloused lesions due to excess pressure on the smaller digits.
How can Physiotherapy help your foot pain and bunions?
Recommend appropriate footwear
This is probably the most important ‘step’. Wearing the right footwear can help reduce stress on a minor deformity and reduce the likelihood of it progressing. Recommendations are that the forefoot easily fits within the width of the shoe and there is adequate cushioning and arch support. Soft materials such as smooth leather, suede or fabric will also help to reduce irritation to the area.
Physiotherapists can prescribe customised orthotic devices that help reduce the stress on a bunion and control biomechanical factors which cause them. These may be used in conjunction with bunion splints or cushions to further offload the area. Evidence has shown a significant reduction in pain with the use of customized orthotic devices.
Stretching and Strengthening
Physios can help you implement a stretching and strengthening regime to help prevent further deterioration of your joints.
So if you’re concerned about how your feet look and feel; contact us about a free 20 minute foot and ankle check-up before the end of March.